Your main points may be more than one paragraph; it just depends on how much you have to say about that certain area. Any sub points that you have should be included only after the main idea has been clearly stated. When you are moving from one idea to the next, make the writing flow in a way that is easy to follow. If you stop too abruptly, it can be confusing to the reader that is receiving the message.
How to Write a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students
After you are done with all your main points, you can start working on writing your conclusion. This is where you can reinstate your thesis, main ideas, and give the reader a feeling of closure. You want your reader to feel as though they have learned something that they can take away after reading your research paper writing. It may seem a bit backwards, but it is recommended to write your conclusion prior to writing the introduction.
You want to use strong points and language in the writing of the conclusion so that you can leave a lasting impression. What is written at the beginning is likely to be forgotten by the time the reader reaches the conclusion. To finish off writing the entirety of the paper, write the introduction last. You can, in essence, take the conclusion and re-word it to explain what the topic is, what you plan to explain throughout the paper, and what your point of view is that you are going to be supporting with evidence. The way your notations are made is going to depend on the style. Once that is done, your rough draft writing is complete.
There are strong chances that you have left important details out, made spelling and grammar mistakes, or forget certain formatting or citation aspects. Step away from the paper for a bit so that when you come back to do the editing, you have a fresh mind. You will be able to pick up more mistakes this way.
Go through every part of your paper making corrections. Now, take everything you have, and complete writing your final draft. This is what is going to be handed in, so you want to make sure that it is absolutely perfect.
When do you have to write a literature review?
There are professional writing companies that will do the job for you for a price. Instead of taking a zero on your paper, explore this option to see what can be done to get you a paper you can hand in with confidence. Seeking professional writing guidance? Choose your Type of Work.
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Writing Editing Slides. Choose your Academic Level. Set Pages Count to. Your email. Your password. You can use them as subheadings for the body of your paper. Look through your notes and organize the information under each sub-heading. Make sure you include only relevant information that fits under your sub-headings and directly supports your thesis. When writing an outline, you should keep in mind a typical research paper structure that commonly includes:. But if your research paper is not long, its format may include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
In any case, you should follow specific guidelines provided by your instructor. This is the middle of the process.
Research Paper: The Process
It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper. You should list the keywords that present the topic of your paper, methods you used, and results that you achieved. Now create a sentence that includes all the keywords that you have listed and delete the unnecessary words. After that, you need to link the remaining ones. Finally, you have to delete non-essential info and organize the remaining words in the logical order. You can also include the subtitle. Make sure that your title is concise.
Step 1: Choose a topic
Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. These are the main parts of your paper so let us provide you with some details on how to do it right. Start writing an intro. The introductory paragraph should begin with an attention grabber that may be:. Next, you need to provide the background information, explain your goals, and how you plan to approach your research paper topic. You should finish your introduction with your thesis statement or research question. This section of your paper is not long so you are sure to finish it fast.
Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper. It may evolve and you are free to revise it and make changes.
The key thing is to stay on your track and focus on your thesis. You should provide your points and support your main idea.
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- The Process.
Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence and provide arguments and relevant evidence to support it. You should write as many body paragraphs as you have the key points. Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements. Paraphrase it or summarize the key points of your paper. You may emphasize the significance of your findings as well. A good idea is to provide some recommendations based on the results of your investigation or suggest some directions for further research. Especially when using Internet resources, double-check data and statistics you are given.
Validating the authenticity of your source material is an extremely important step in the research process. In high school, you were probably taught the note-card method. Guess what? It really is old-school but it really is still effective and most efficient. Because if each note card holds one piece of information along with source information , it can be sorted out and placed with similar information from other sources.
Ultimately, sorting out those note cards will provide you with your sub-topics.
Six Steps for Successful Research
This can be the most difficult of the research process steps. This is the step at which you have to organize all those note cards into categories, with the expectation of having sub-topics for your outline. This can be frustrating. However, here is a tip that you will not find elsewhere. Get online. Search for research papers on your topic.
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Take a look and see what sub-topics were used. This will give you an organizational plan to begin with. For graduate students completing a literature review: you will not have sub-topics in the same manner as undergrad research papers. Your research has involved a review of the relevant research that others have conducted and you will be reporting on their findings as they relate to your research project. Reading through literature reviews of other theses and dissertations on related topics will give you good examples for you to follow. You should construct some type of outline that will cover the order in which you will cover your sub-topics.
How detailed you make it depends upon you and the topic. Even a brief very informal outline will help you draft that first copy. Just list your sub-topics and, under each one, a listing of the points you will be covering. This will keep you organized as you construct your paper. Using the outline, you now write the first draft of your paper. Plan on plenty of time for editing and proofreading your paper. Once you have finished your rough draft, set the paper aside for 24 hours. If you try to edit right away, chances are you will miss things. As you begin the editing process, do it in this order:.
Once you are satisfied with the flow, it is time to proofread for grammatical, spelling, and mechanical errors e. If this is a challenge for you, get someone else to read the paper for you and point out any of these types of errors. Instructors can be sticklers for detail. One of those details is the format style that has been specified. If you are unsure about your in-text citations or your bibliography format, use one of the many tools now available that will format those citations in the style you need. This is a common step-by-step process for research paper construction.
You may find an alternative model of the research process , especially as you move into graduate level research and writing or as instructors in various disciplinary field require. This process, however, will give you a basic model that you can use for most any paper you write at the undergraduate level.