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Writing up the results section of your dissertation

Total price:. Still hesitating? Look at Our Advantages over Competitors On-time delivery. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information. Importance of a Good Results Section When formulating the results section, it's important to remember that the results of a study do not prove anything. Structure and Writing Style I. Organization and Approach For most research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways of organizing the results.

Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. This approach can be used to highlight important findings. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your findings. It is appropriate to point this out in the results section. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper. Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis.

This is the preferred approach if you have multiple results of equal significance. It is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding. In this model, it is helpful to provide a brief conclusion that ties each of the findings together and provides a narrative bridge to the discussion section of the your paper.

Content In general, the content of your results section should include the following: Introductory context for understanding the results by restating the research problem underpinning your study. This is useful in re-orientating the reader's focus back to the research problem after reading the literature review and your explanation of the methods of data gathering and analysis.

How to Write a Results Section for a Dissertation

Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually. This is a helpful way of condensing a lot of data into one place that can then be referred to in the text.

Consider referring to appendices if there is a lot of non-textual elements. A systematic description of your results, highlighting for the reader observations that are most relevant to the topic under investigation. Not all results that emerge from the methodology used to gather information may be related to answering the " So What?

Do not confuse observations with interpretations; observations in this context refers to highlighting important findings you discovered through a process of reviewing prior literature and gathering data. The page length of your results section is guided by the amount and types of data to be reported. However, focus on findings that are important and related to addressing the research problem. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question. This is not to say that you don't acknowledge tangential findings and, in fact, can be referred to as areas for further research in the conclusion of your paper.

However, spending time in the results section describing tangential findings clutters your overall results section. A short paragraph that concludes the results section by synthesizing the key findings of the study. Highlight the most important findings you want readers to remember as they transition into the discussion section. This is particularly important if, for example, there are many results to report, the findings are complicated or unanticipated, or they are impactful or actionable in some way [i.

Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following : Discussing or interpreting your results. Save this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e.

Writing Tip #3: Writing Qualitative Findings Paragraphs

Reporting background information or attempting to explain your findings. Then, relevant descriptive statistics like range, frequency, mean, median or others should be included, and after that, you should detail any performed statistical analyses such as tests, ANOVA, etc. If you included a qualitative study, it should be backed up with relevant information like quotes that will prove vital in the overall discussion. Tables are, essentially, lists organized in rows and columns that outlay numerical values, and they are widely used to help the reader process and understand certain derived pieces of data.

Writing a Results Section - Announcing the Findings

A table should be used if the author has more information than a simple text would be able to properly cover. So for example, if the data you need to submit can fit in less than a space of three columns and three rows, it would be recommended that you present it as text. Figures can mean any pictures, charts, maps, graphs or any kind of illustrations that you want to include in the Results section.

Every figure should come with a brief description below it. A photo, for example, should come with the reason why it is there, as well as its source.

Help with Dissertation Results

The most common figures in the Results section are, without a doubt, graphs, as they do a good job in showing connections between data. Although the choice of using tables or figures is up to the author, a good general recommendation is not using tables when trying to prove a connection between certain groups of values.

If you are writing a paper dedicated to a specific treatment, tables would be used to discuss its cumulative effects, while figures would be used to show each treatment effect variation week by week. Also, avoid adding the same data more than once; this should help keep the Results section brief. Graphics formatting is also important. Rules for formatting tables and figures vary with each style guide; however, generally, tables have their name and number posted above them and any notes explaining them underneath.

The writing in the results section should be kept as simple as possible. If however, an unusual statistical method or model is used, its explanation should be included in the Methodology section. Although many students are tempted to add explanations or introductory notes to the section, a direct rendition of available data is usually the most recommended approach. This is an example of a text that contains too many useless words and offers a subjective view of the presented data:.

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  • Present your findings.
  • Reporting and discussing your findings!

Keeping it short is vital. If tables and figures are the main components of the results section, repeating all that info in a text form is redundant. What you can do through text, though, is pinpointing the most important pieces of data from the tables and figures and using this text to emphasize their importance and relevance to the central idea. Also, all tables and figures included should always be referred to in the text - at least once. A proper context is needed for all included figures, and although no direct interpretation of the data is included in the Results section, the reader must know exactly what he or she is looking at, why it is presented to them, and what it means for the central theme of the paper.

There is no need for a conclusion to the Results section, as you can go directly to the Discussion chapter after completing it. Next, do not forget that writing a Results section of your dissertation is still a very time-consuming task. Even though it may seem that most of the work has already been done, it would still be unwise to underestimate this section. The last and probably the most important tip would be to carefully go over your entire dissertation again - after you finish the results section. Take a break up to a couple of days if the time allows it and come back to your work with a fresh eye. On this stage, it is vital to double check if all the data in your tables, graphs, and figures were properly referenced in the text. Also, you might want to take another critical look at your paper logic in general to make sure everything is clear and to the point.

Find the story in your data

Order now. Writing your Dissertation Results Section. Calculate your price. Type of paper Essay. Academic level Undergraduate. Deadline 14 days.